Category Archives: Prayer

The Traveler Prays With The Residents Of A Locality: Shaykh Salih Al Luhaydan

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q: The traveler who seeks to take lodging with a people during his journey yet (while doing so) finds them praying Asr and they have already completed the first two rakat, as a result he enters (catches) the last two. So should he make the tasleem (along with them having only prayed two rakat) or should he complete the full prayer (standing up and praying two more rakat)?

A: He completes it (all four). The traveler whenever he prays along with the residents of a locality his prayer is the same as theirs, whatever he reaches he prays and whatever he missed he completes.

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source: http://lohaidan.af.org.sa/node/222

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Raising The Hands In Supplication After Every Prayer: Shaykh Salih Alish-Shaykh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

This is one of many prohibited innovations if the perpetrator takes it as a consistent practice (constantly performing it after every prayer), whereas the sunnah after the obligatory prayer is to remember Allah by seeking His forgiveness, bearing witness that there’s no deity in truth except Him, glorifying Him, praising Him, and exalting Him. Also invoking Him by yourself (not in a communal supplication) with what is authentically reported (in the text) without raising the hands just as the Prophet -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- would do and he would not raise his hands during supplication after the obligatory prayers. Thus this should not be done due to it opposing the sunnah and consistent adherence to it is an innovation.

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source:  المنظار في بيان كثير الأخطاء الشائعة

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Abandoning Takbirul Ihram When Entering The Prayer Late: Shaykh Salih Alish-Shaykh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The abandonment of takbirul ihram when entering the prayer while the imam is bowing is a mistake due to the first takbir (which enters one into the prayer) being a pillar (of the prayer) which obligates the performance of it while standing. Afterwards the person enters the bowing position along with the imam (by saying a second takbir moving into the other position). The first takbir is separate from the (second) takbir for (entering) the bowing position. So the takbir for entering the prayer and then one for bowing is more complete and safe as Abu Huraira said, “whenever the Messenger -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- would stand for prayer he would say the takbir then he would say it (again) when bowing.”

Translated: Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source:  المنظار في بيان كثير من الأخطاء الشائعة

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Abandonment Of Prayer Is Apostasy: Shaykh Salih Alish-Shaykh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaykh Salih states: Abandoning the prayer in totality is disbelief -we and our brothers seek refuge with Allah from such- and there is ample evidence to support this in the Quran, Sunnah, and consensus (of the Authentic Scholars). The Exalted says,

فإن تابوا و أقاموا الصلاة و آتوا الزكاة فإخوانكم في الدين

“So if they repent, establish the prayer, and pay the zakah (only) then they are your brothers.” [At-Taubah: 11]

and He says

…ما سلككم في سقر قالوا لم نك من المصلين

“What has caused you to enter Hell? They will say we were not of those who prayed.” [Al-Muddathir: 42-43]

Likewise from the sunnah is that which is narrated on the authority of Jabir ibn Abdullah where the Prophet said, “Indeed between a man (standing like a barrier) and between polytheism and disbelief is the abandonment of prayer.” Likewise that which is narrated by some of the compilers of (varying) sunan that which is upon the authority of Buraydah ibn Husayb wherein the Prophet said, “The covenant that distinguishes us from them is the prayer. Whoever abandons it has disbelieved.” Collected by Ahmad and others and it is an authentic hadith.

As for consensus of the scholars, Abdullah ibn Shaqiq said, “The companions of Muhammad  did not consider the abandonment of anything from their actions to be disbelief except the prayer.” Collected by Tirmidhi and others with a sound chain.

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source: المنظار في بيان كثير من الأخطاء الشائعة 

 

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Reciting The Quran While Bowing Or Prostrating: Shaykh Salih Alish-Shaykh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaykh Salih states: Reciting the Quran while bowing or prostrating is prohibited due to what is narrated upon the authority of Ibn Abbas where the Prophet -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- said, “I prohibit you from reciting the Quran while bowing or prostrating.” The hadith is collected by Muslim. There’s another upon the authority of Ali wherein he said, “The Messenger -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- prohibited me from reciting the Quran while bowing and prostrating.” Collected by Muslim and others.

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source: المنظار في بيان كثير من الأخطاء الشائعة 

 

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The Lack Of Adorning Oneself For The Masjid: Shaykh Salih Alish-Shaykh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaykh Salih states: The lack of adorning oneself for the masjid contradicts Allah’s statement

..يا بني آدم خذوا زينتكم عند كل مسجد

“O Descendants of Adam! Adorn yourselves at every masjid (while going to pray)…” [Al-A’raf: 31]

So the prayer is to bring oneself close to Allah, and so to adorn oneself for that purpose is a due right. Likewise to perfume oneself if possible and to remove all unpleasant smells. These are truly from the highly encouraged adornments (of the prayer).  

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source: المنظار في بيان كثير من الأخطاء الشائعة

 

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Preceding The Imam In Prayer: Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Salih Al Uthaymin

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

On the authority of Abu Huraira,

The Messenger of Allah -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- said, “The Imam was made to be followed, so when he makes the takbir you make the takbir. When he bows you bow, and do not bow until he bows. When he says Allah hears whomever praises him, you all say O Allah our Lord to you belong all praise. When he prostrates you prostrate, and do not prostrate until he prostrates. If he prays standing then pray standing, and if he prays sitting then pray sitting.”

Shaykh Uthaymin stated the following while explaining this narration: 

The condition of the one being led in prayer as it relates to being in accordance with the imam is of four (varying states). He either precedes him, moves simultaneously with him, lags behind him, or follows him. These are the four conditions. If he precedes him in saying the first takbir then he hasn’t entered into the prayer, due to him intending to pray in congregation (but by his preceding he does so) without an imam. As the imam has yet to pronounce the takbir in order for the one being led to have an imam.

So if he knows the imam has not yet made the takbir then he should cut his prayer, meaning he should intent to cut his prayer and make the takbir after the imam has done so. The scholars differ regarding its occurrence in other than the first takbir. Some say that the prayer is not invalid unless the imam is preceded by an entire pillar, otherwise it is not invalid if the precedence is to a pillar. Consequently it is binding upon you to know the difference between preceding to a pillar, and preceding by a pillar.

Preceding to a pillar is the one being led in prayer arriving at the next pillar (position of prayer) before the imam, however the imam reaches him while in that position. For instance, if the follower pronounces the takbir in order to move to the bowing position (before the imam and does so) and the imam meets him while in that position before the follower rises to the next position. Being preceded by a pillar is when the follower moves to the next position (before the imam), then he completes it and moves to the next position before the imam arrives at the initial pillar in which he was preceded. This is preceding him by a pillar.

Being preceded in a pillar does not invalidate the prayer based on that which is widespread in my school of jurisprudence, however he must return to the previous position so that the imam precedes him and he follows after him. But what is correct (with the shaykh) is that if the imam is preceded in a pillar deliberately then the prayer is invalid and the proof for this is the Prophet’s statement, “Do you not fear that if you were to raise your head before the imam that Allah will make your head like that of a donkey, or your shape like that of a donkey?” This threat denotes the action’s prohibition. If a person commits a prohibited act during worship (that is directly connected to the act of worship) then the act is invalid based on legislative principle, due to it being removed from the very manner in which it was performed. Indeed the Prophet -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- said, “Whoever does an action that is not in accordance with our command then it is rejected.”

Hence what is correct is that if a person precedes the imam in going to the next pillar deliberately, his prayer as a result is invalid. However if he is not deliberate like the one who hears a sound and he thinks the imam pronounced the takbir and due to that he bows, his prayer is not invalid and he is excused due to ignorance. Moreover once he realizes the imam has not bowed then he should return to the previous position until the imam bows and he does so after him. If the imam bows before he can return to the previous position then he remains where he is along with his imam and he is excused in this regard.

Source: شرح بلوغ المرام

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi  

 

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