Category Archives: Fasting

Sexual Relations Without Ejaculating During The Day In Ramadan: Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al Uthaymin

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q: A man has intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadan without ejaculating, and he thinks that the expiation pertains to the one who does, even though he knows that intercourse along with an ejaculation necessitates expiation, he does not know that intercourse without an ejaculation is prohibited (what’s the ruling)?

A: If this was his understanding then there is nothing upon him, nor does he make up the day due to the Exalted’s statement:

…ربّنا لا تُؤاخذنا إن نسينا أو أخطأْنا

…Our Lord do not hold us to account when we forget or make a mistake…” [Al-Baqarah: 286]

Translated by Najeeb Ibn Yusuf

Source: فتاوى في أحكام الصيام


The absence of sin for one who makes a mistake is derived from the Quran and Sunnah, as Sheikh Al Uthaymin cited a clear text from the Quran, likewise we have the Prophet’s -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- statement: “Surely Allah has overlooked, for me, my nation when they make mistakes, forget, or are compelled to do something.

Sheikh Saalih Alish-Sheikh said, “a mistake is to desire something, but acquire other than it without aspiring that.[شرح الأربعين النووية]

An example of this is found in the narration of Anas ibn Malik wherein Allah’s Messenger -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- said: “Indeed Allah is extremely overjoyed at the repentance of His servant when he repents to Him, than anyone of you who is on his riding beast in the desert. Then his riding beast slips away from him and (carried) on it is his food and drink. Thus he falls into despair (as it relates to his riding beast). Then he goes to a tree and lays in its shade having despair from (finding) his riding beast. While he is in that state he founds it standing with him, so he seizes it by its reins and he says, out of extreme happiness, “O Allah! you are my slave and I am your lord.” He made a mistake due to extreme happiness.” Collected by Bukhari (in summarized version) and Muslim.

Sheikh Al Uthaymin said, while commenting on this narration, “A man was in the desert and there was no one around him. No water, no food, and no people. He loses his camel, meaning it wanders off. This causes him to call out for it but can not find it. As a result he goes to a tree and sleeps under it, as he awaits death. Surely he fell into despair with regards to his camel and to life, because his provision were on the camel and it wandered off. So while he was like this, behold his camel was there with him, its reins hanging on the tree in which he slept under. So with what object can be used to evaluate this happiness? Happiness due to life after death.

As a result he seized the reins and said, “O Allah you are my slave and I am your lord.” He wanted to praise Allah by saying Allah you are my Lord and I am your slave, however due to his extreme happiness he made a mistake, hence he changed the wording. [شرح رياض الصالحين]

This is an excellent example of a person who desired one thing but acquired something else that he did not aspire after.

Al Uthaymin also said, “in it (the narration) is evidence that a man when he makes a mistake in a statement, even if it’s disbelief that his tongue puts forth, he is not held accountable as a result of it. As this man said a statement of disbelief. The man’s statement to his Lord, ‘you are my slave and I am your lord’ this is disbelief without doubt, however this emanated from him mistakenly due to extreme happiness and so he is not taken to account for it.

And likewise other than it from speech. If someone insults another mistakenly, without intending such; or divorces his wife mistakenly, without intending such; or manumits an indentured servant mistakenly, without intending such, then nothing results from this because a person did not intend it…[شرح رياض الصالحين]

A mistake can also occur due to one’s ignorance. An individual may either be totally unaware of an issue, or misunderstand an issue. An example of this is found in the narration of Adi ibn Hatim, concerning the revealing of the following verse:

و كُلُوا واشْرَبُوا حتَّى يتبيَّن لكم الخَيط الأبيض من الخيط الأسود من الفجر

…and eat and drink until the white thread (of day) is made clear from the black thread (of night) from the dawn…” [Al-Baqarah: 187]

Adi said, “O Messenger! indeed I have placed under my pillow two cords. One white and one black, so that I may know the night from the day. The Messenger -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- said: “Indeed your pillow is expansive, as it is only (intended in the verse) the black of night and the white of day.” Collected by Bukhari and Muslim.

Imam An Nawawi quotes Al Qaadhi Iyyaadh’s statement, “The intent is that it was understood and done by those who were not among the Messenger -sallahu alayhi wa salaam-. On the contrary he was among the Bedouins and those who had no comprehension with them. Or there was not in their language the usage of the word ‘thread’ for the night and day…[شرح صحيح مسلم]

Even with this mistake made, we find no command from the Prophet -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- to make up those days, as he made a mistake desiring Allah’s obedience but he acquired something he did not aspire after due to his misunderstanding of the text, and Allah knows best.

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting

ٍSeveral Sexual Encounters During The Day While In Ramadan: Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al Uthaymin

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q: If sexual relations are numerous during the day, or throughout the month of Ramadan, is the expiation numerous as well (according to the amount of sexual encounters)?

A: What is known from the jurisprudence of Imam Ahmad is that if it is numerous in a day and no expiation is done for the first sexual encounter, then one act of expiation suffices (for the sexual encounters throughout that day). But if there are several sexual encounters within two days, obligated upon him is an expiation for each day, that’s because every day is an independent worship.

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source: فتاوى في أحكام الصيام 

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting

Sexual Relations During Ramadan Before Traveling: Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al Uthaymin

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q: A man along with his family intend to travel during the daytime in Ramadan, during that day he has relations with his wife and afterwards travels, is there anything against him? As some people say that there is nothing upon him because when Anas ibn Malik intended to travel he broke his fast on the ship (while it was still docked).

A: First off; upon him is a sin, upon him is to make up this day, and upon him is the expiation for sexual relations during the day of Ramadan. This is due to the prohibition of the man using the concession for a journey unless he actually leaves the land. As for prior to departure he is still (considered in Islam) to be a resident.

As for what is reported from Anas, while in Al Fustat, he wanted to travel and the ship was onshore, his (traveling) provisions were brought and he broke his fast, then this opposes what the companions were upon. And Allah says:

…أو على سَفَرٍ…

“…or on a journey…” [Al-Baqarah: 184]

So if the man is a student of knowledge, a he understands that it is permissible for him (to break his fast) as a result of this narration, then there is nothing upon him. However I hold the opinion that it is binding upon the small students of knowledge to not be hasty in passing religious verdicts upon themselves, because they do not possess knowledge as it relates to determining the more probable between evidence.

Translated by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source: فتاوى في أحكام الصيام 

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting

Sexual Relations During Ramadan: Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al Uthaymin

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q: A man comes to Mecca at night (during the month of Ramadan) and in the morning has sexual relations with his wife, while he and she are fasting, what is the ruling concerning this?

A: The man and his wife who came to Mecca to perform the lesser pilgrimage (umrah) and they do so during the night, then the morning hours come while they are fasting, and during that day they have sexual relations, there is nothing made binding upon them except the making up of that day. This is because it is permissible for the traveler to break his fast, regardless if he breaks it by eating, drinking, or sexual relations, due to the fasting of the traveler not being obligatory. Just as Allah says:

فمنْ كان منكم مريضًا أو على سفرٍ فعدَّةٌ من أيَّامٍ أخر

“…so whoever among you is sick or on a journey, then his time is made up from other days…” [Al-Baqarah: 184]

As for the man who has sex with his wife in their place of residents during the daytime hours of Ramadan while both are fasting, five matters result from this:

  1. A sin.
  2. Ruining of the fast.
  3. The obligation of refraining from whatever breaks the fast for the remainder of the day.
  4. Making up that day.
  5. Expiation, and it is either; freeing a slave, and if he can not find one; fasting two consecutive months, and if he is unable; feeding sixty poor people.

 Translated by Abu Abdil Waahid Najeeb Ibn Yusuf Al Anjelesi

Source: فتاوى في أحكام ألصيام

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting

The Person Who Dies During Ramadan: Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Salih Al Uthaymin

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q: The Messenger’s -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- statement, “when Ramadan comes the gates to paradise are opened, the gates to the fire are closed, and the devils are shackled.” So does this mean that whomever dies during Ramadan will enter paradise without any reckoning? We hope to receive clarity from you in this matter, may Allah reward you.

A: The affair is not like this. On the contrary, the meaning is that the gates of paradise are opened as encouragement for the workers, in order to make easy for them the entering of paradise. The gates of the Fire are closed is for the purpose of the people of faith abstaining from sin so that they will not enter these gates. What is not intended is that whoever dies in Ramadan will enter paradise without reckoning, as the only ones who will enter paradise without reckoning are those whom the Messenger -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- described in his statement: “They are those who did not request ruqya (performed on them), cauterization, nor did they rely on omens. In their Lord they were truly relied upon.” That is along with executing what is binding upon them from righteous actions.  

Translated by Abu Abdil Waahid Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Source: فتاوى في احكام الصيام

Comments Off on The Person Who Dies During Ramadan: Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Salih Al Uthaymin

Filed under Fasting

The Person Who Fasts During The Eid: The Permanent Committee For Knowledge Based Research And Verdicts

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Q: What is the ruling concerning he who fasts the day of the Eid despite the fact that he knows it’s the Eid?

A:  Fasting the day of the Eid is not permissible due to that which is firmly established upon the Prophet -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- from authentic narrations regarding the prohibition of fasting on the two days of the Eid. Thus the scholars have consensus on its prohibition and whoever does so then binding upon him is repentance and to never return to such an action.

And with Allah is success, and may Allah’s praise and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family, and companions.

 

Source: http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=ar&View=Page&PageID=67&PageNo=1&BookID=12

Translated by Najeeb ibn Yusuf Al Anjelesi

 

Comments Off on The Person Who Fasts During The Eid: The Permanent Committee For Knowledge Based Research And Verdicts

Filed under Fasting

The Purpose of Ramadan by Najeeb Al Anjelesi

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting

The Pregnant Woman and The One Nursing During Ramadan: Shaykh Al Albani

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

This is a question posed to the muhaddith of this era Ash-Shaykh Muhammad Nasruddin Al Albani may Allah be merciful to him.

Q: I read in (the book) “Description of the Prophet’s Fasting During Ramadan” authored by Saleem Al Hilaali wherein he states the pregnant woman and the one nursing and or suckling if they fear (harm) for themselves or their child they can break their fast and feed a poor person each day (in place of the fasting days missed), and that it isn’t binding upon them to make up those days. Is this statement correct?

A: It isn’t compulsory for them to make up the days, on the contrary the feeding of a poor person it (alone) is. This is the correct answer. As for the previously mentioned condition, that being if they fear (harm) for themselves or their child, this condition is solely based on the ijtihad of some scholars that neither the pregnant woman nor the one nursing and or suckling have been burdened with. That’s because the Prophet -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- said, “Indeed Allah has lifted (the obligation) of fasting from the pregnant woman and the one nursing and or suckling.” 

Furthermore Ibn Abbas said in his explanation  Concerning Allah’s statement:

…و على الَّذين يُطيقونه فِديةٌ طعامُ مسكين...

“…and whoever has difficulty (with fasting) they feed a poor person…” (Al-Baqarah: 184)

The pregnant woman and the one nursing and or suckling feeds (a poor person).”And so the previously mentioned condition (of fear for themselves or their child) is not present.

Thus the conclusion is that it is permissible for every pregnant woman and every woman nursing and or suckling to break her fast and feed a poor person (during each missed day), and there is no making up of the days, just this (the feeding).

Translated by Najeeb ibn Yusuf Al Anjelesi

Source: http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=95002

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting

The Intent to Fast: Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih Al Uthaymin

  بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The following question was presented to the world renowned scholar of fiqh Ash-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih Al Uthaymin may Allah be merciful to him.

Q: Does every (single) day that is fasted during Ramadan necessitate a (renewed) intent or is it sufficient to intend to fast the entire month?

A: One intention at the beginning of Ramadan is sufficient. That’s because the fasting person if he does not renew his intent each day (the night before) then surely that was his intent at the beginning of the month. However if there is a break in fasting during the month due to traveling or sickness and whatever is similar to that, then renewal of  the intention is made binding upon him, due to the intent being broken by abandonment of the fast due to traveling or a sickness etc.

Translated by Najeeb ibn Yusuf Al Anjelesi

Source:  فتاوى في أحكام الصيام

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting

Only Praying During Ramadan: Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih Al Uthaymin

   بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

A question posed to Ash Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih Al Uthaymin may Allah be merciful to him.

Q: What is the ruling concerning he who fasts and prays whenever Ramadan arrives, yet when it concludes he abandons prayer?

A: That which has been made clear to me by way of evidence is that whomsoever abandons the prayer is not deemed a disbeliever unless he abandons it in totality (he never prays). As for he who prays on some occasions and leaves it off on other occasions, he doesn’t disbelieve as a result of that based on that which is clear to me from the evidence. This is due to the Prophet’s -sallahu alayhi wa salaam- statement: “The distinguishing between us and them is the prayer whoever abandons it disbelieves.” and his statement: “(that which stands) between a man and between polytheism and disbelief is the abandonment of prayer.”

However the person who doesn’t pray except in Ramadan along with fasting (this person) I have doubt with regards to his faith, by virtue of the fact that if he were a true believer he would pray in Ramadan and in other months. As for him not being cognizant of his lord except during Ramadan it causes me to doubt his faith, yet I do not pass a ruling of disbelief (upon this individual). On the contrary; I’m hesitate concerning him and his affair is with Allah.

Translated by Najeeb ibn Yusuf Al Anjelesi.

Source: فتاوى في أحكام الصيام

Leave a Comment

Filed under Fasting